Our research group has been addressing metacognitive processes in psychosis therapeutically since 2003. The goal of this work is twofold. First, through humorous examples and exercises, individuals with psychosis   gain insight into unhelpful cognitive distortions (e.g., jumping to conclusions, overconfidence in decisions). Second, they improve their metacognitive processes (“thinking about thinking”).

See the links on the right for further information on our metacognitive training and therapy for psychosis (MCT, MCT+), borderline personality disorder (B-MCT), depression (D-MCT), depression in later life (MCT-Silver) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (myMCT). Below is a list of articles on the training and therapeutic programs we have developed.


Aghotor, J., Pfueller, U., Moritz, S., Weisbrod, M., & Roesch-Ely, D. (2010). Metacognitive training for patients with schizophrenia (MCT): Feasibility and preliminary evidence for its efficacy. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 41, 207-211.

Favrod, J., Rexhaj, S., Bardy, S., Ferrari, P., Hayoz, C., Moritz, S., Conus, P., & Bonsack, C. (2014). Sustained antipsychotic effect of metacognitive training in psychosis: A randomized-controlled study. European Psychiatry, 29, 275-281.

Kumar, D., Menon, M., Moritz, S., & Woodward, T. S. (2014). Using the back door: Metacognitive training for psychosis. Psychosis, 7(2), 1-13.

Moritz, S., & Woodward, T. S. (2007). Metacognitive training for schizophrenia patients (MCT): A pilot study on feasibility, treatment adherence, and subjective efficacy. German Journal of Psychiatry, 10, 69-78.

Moritz, S., & Woodward, T. S. (2007). Metacognitive training in schizophrenia: From basic research to knowledge translation and intervention. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 20, 619-625.

Moritz, S., Andreou, C., Schneider, B. C., Wittekind, C. E., Menon, M., Balzan, R. P., & Woodward, T. S. (2014). Sowing the seeds of doubt: A narrative review on metacognitive training in schizophrenia. Clinical Psychology Review, 34, 358-366.

Moritz, S., Jelinek, L., Hauschildt, M., & Naber, D. (2010). How to treat the untreated: Effectiveness of a self-help metacognitive training program (myMCT) for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 12, 209-220.

Moritz, S., Kerstan, A., Veckenstedt, R., Randjbar, S., Vitzthum, F.,Schmidt, C., Heise, M., & Woodward, T. S. (2011). Further evidence for the efficacy of a metacognitive group training in schizophrenia. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 49, 151-157.

Moritz, S., Veckenstedt, R., Andreou, C., Bohn, F., Hottenrott, B., Leighton, L., Köther, U., Woodward, T. S., Treszl, A., Menon, M., Schneider, B., Pfueller, U. & Roesch-Ely, D. (2014). Sustained and “sleeper” effects of metacognitive group training (MCT) in schizophrenia: A three-year follow-up investigation. JAMA Psychiatry, 71(10), 1103-11.

Moritz, S., Veckenstedt, R., Bohn, F., Hottenrott, B., Scheu, F., Randjbar, S., Aghotor, J., Köther, U., Woodward, T. S., Treszl, A., Andreou, C., Pfueller, U& Roesch-Ely, D. (2013). Complementary group Metacognitive Training (MCT) reduces delusional ideation in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 151, 61-69.

Moritz, S., Veckenstedt, R., Randjbar, S., Vitzthum, F., & Woodward, T. S. (2011). Antipsychotic treatment beyond antipsychotics: Metacognitive intervention for schizophrenia patients (MCT) improves delusional symptoms. Psychological Medicine, 41, 1823-1832.

Moritz, S., Vitzthum, F., Randjbar, S., Veckenstedt, R., & Woodward, T. S. (2010). Detecting and defusing cognitive traps: Metacognitive intervention in schizophrenia. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 23, 561-569.

Vitzthum, F. B., Veckenstedt, R., & Moritz, S. (2014). Individualized metacognitive therapy program for patients with psychosis (MCT+): Introduction of a novel approach for psychotic symptoms. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 42, 105-110.

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